General physical preparation (GPP) is an essential component of the athletic training process. GPP is the foundation of training for any sport. It prepares athletes for later specific training that focuses on the actual performance of the sport. Simply put, GPP is any training that is done outside the specifics of an athlete’s sport or any auxiliary training.
Many in the strength community confuse GPP for cardio training, which is a mistake. It encompasses all areas of performance and potential improvement. With a strong foundation of general training, huge gains in performance of your chosen sport can be achieved. The GPP can fill in the “gaps” of your training and performance. You may have a weakness or imbalance that you are not aware of and by spending a preseason doing higher intensity GPP sessions you correct them due to the well rounded nature of the training. This increases your performance during your season because your weaknesses are being addressed. Consider GPP as a tune up of all the essential components of athletic performance.
GPP is used as the following:
It is important that GPP be varied and include training that either improves or maintains all physical qualities such as: strength, speed, flexibility, explosiveness, balance, agility and so on.There are two types of GPP drills: non-weighted and weighted.
Non-weighted consists of bodyweight movements being used in multiple planes of motion.
Weighted is a more open category consisting of:
Those are just some of the possibilities an athlete could use for weighted GPP. The possibilities are practically limitless.
You cannot fully realize your potential as an athlete without devoting some of your training time to general physical preparation. If you’re not currently doing it, then do so. Your body will thank you for it in the long run.
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